History of the Internet – Informative Speech – Speaking Outline & PowerPoint
Speaking Outline – Informative Speech
I. InternetLiveStats.com endorsed by World Wide Web Foundation (SLIDE 2)
A. 40% of World Population Online
B. In the states = Second Highest Amount of Internet Users… almost 9/10
II. With such widespread internet use, how many of us know… (SLIDE 3)
A. Who invented the internet?
B. Websites Daily, but do we know what HTTP:// or WWW mean?
C. How about email, wonder what the @ sign does?
III. Well don’t worry, By the end of my speech – you’ll know those three famous internet symbols, plus some other interesting facts leading up to the invention of the internet
I. Before we learn about those 3 symbols – Lets talk a little about what spawned the internet, arpanet (SLIDE 4)
A. To understand ARPANet – we go back to the Cold War…
B. On October 4, 1957, During the Cold War, Soviet Union Launched first Unmaned Satellite into space – that satellite was called Sputnik 1 – created fear of nuclear attack
1. USA Responded to Threat with DARPA
a. Commissioned to develop technology that could guarantee communication even if our country was attacked by nuclear weapons
b. Accomplish this they put best scientists/researchers on computer communication project with goal of… Sounds Simple to us today…
c. In 1969, DARPA was successful in achieving COMM between 2 COMP…. Official start of Arpanet (SLIDE 5)
d. Next many years expansion by connecting more computers at schools/bases/research facilities around the us
C. ARPANet revolutioned military/sci COMM, most people in the general public were unaware it even existed
TRANSITION: I guess not knowing – better than mis-informed – which is what most people are about invention of email.
II. Contrary to popular belief, Email was invented during ARPAnet days (AOL Youve Got Mail) (SLIDE 6)
A. Invented in 1972 by Ray Tomlinson to Solve ARPA Problem
1. Problem = ARPANet Pages were all Public
B. Solution = Private Email Messages
C. First fun Fact = @ Sign in email (SLIDE 7)
1. Used to Differentiate USER from HOST
2. Before @ = PERSON | AFTER @ = COMPUTER
TRANSITION: I know, that ones kind of self explanatory, I promise the Next two fun facts = more revealing (atleast 1)
III. Wasn’t Until 1991, Internet as we know it, invented by programmer Tim Berners-Lee (SLIDE 8)
A. Tim was I.C. @ CERN = European Organization for Nuclear Research, based in Switzerland
B. Tim Noticed Problem = Scientists/Researchers were not Publishing Information
1. Due to Public Documentation System being Too Tedious
2. Required Them To Basically Re-Format Work Completely prior to Publishing
C. Tim Solved that problem with the invention of World Wide Web: 2nd Fun Fact (SLIDE 9)
1. That’s what those www characters stand for in any web address say… www.google.com
2. WWW is a simple system anyone can easily publish information too
D. How exactly did he accomplish this?
1. Created a simple programming language called HTML (Hyper Text …)
a. HTML could be used to enhance published document
b. Revolutionary thing was you didn’t have to format prior to publishing, so with very minimal effort you could go on the WWW and publish your document
2. Third and Final Fact: HTTP:// part of a website address
a. HTTP Stands for HyperText Transfer Protocol
b. Informs the web Browser to expect an HTML page and follow pre- programmed rules set within browser
3. Tim was recently asked – go back in time – change anything
a. Responded with “I would take out the slash-slash after the colon”
c. Admittedly, the slash-slash is just extra unrequired char – but personally, I think it enhances the beauty of a url
E. Getting a little techie here, to wrap up what Tim Berners-Lee invented, let me rephrase it
1. Tim created the basic model of a simple development and publishing platform which allowed others to use this model to develop their own ideas, websites, apps, or even other programming languages and technologies, such as: (SLIDE 10)
b. Browsers To Access The WWW (Mosaic, Netscape, Internet Explorer, Firefox, Chrome)
c. Websites We Use to (Communicate, Search, Socialize, and much more….)
d. Future Technologies and Websites… Who knows What’s next?
I. Just a simple introduction to the internet, for the sake of time, left out and condensed many facts (SLIDE 11)
II. But we did cover some very important topics which should help you better understand the evolution of the internet
A. We covered the Cold War and how it sparked Arpanet
B. Which spawned the invention of email
C. And finally, Tim Berners-Lee and his invention of the World Wide Web
III. It’s definitely an exciting time to be involved with technology, as a developer or a user!
IV. Programmers around the world are constantly developing new tools and technology to advance this information medium even further.
V. It’s going to be exciting to see what developments are to come! Thank you.
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